3 Basic Questions Related to Incorporating Your Business in Canada


Written on: May 22, 2023

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Why to incorporate a business and how

Starting a business in Canada can be an exciting endeavor, but it’s important to navigate the legal aspects with confidence. Whether you’re a new immigrant or a local entrepreneur, understanding the basics of incorporating your business is essential for success.

In this blog post, we will address three fundamental questions related to incorporating your business in Canada. From exploring different business structures to considering the advantages of incorporation and deciding between federal and provincial incorporation, we aim to provide you with valuable insights and guidance. By the end of this article, you’ll be better equipped to make informed decisions and take the necessary steps to establish your business in Canada.

1. What are the common business structures in Canada?

When incorporating your business, it’s crucial to choose the right business structure that aligns with your goals and requirements. Let’s dive into the four main business structures in Canada:

  • Sole Proprietorship: This is a business structure where a single individual owns and operates the business. The owner has complete control over the business and is personally liable for all debts and obligations.
  • Partnership: If you plan to co-own and operate a business with one or more individuals, a partnership might be suitable. A partnership is a business structure where two or more individuals own and operate the business together. The partners share profits and losses and may have different levels of liability depending on the type of partnership.
  • Corporation: A corporation is a separate legal entity that is owned by shareholders. It provides limited liability protection to its owners, meaning that the owner’s personal assets are generally not at risk if the business is sued or goes bankrupt.
  • Cooperative: A cooperative is a business owned and operated by its members, who share in the profits and decision-making. Cooperatives can be organized as either for-profit or non-profit entities, and are often used by farmers, artists, and other groups who want to pool resources and share in the benefits of their work.

2. What are the main reasons for incorporating a business?

Incorporating your business offers several advantages that can positively impact your company’s growth and protection:

  • Limited liability protection: As a separate legal entity, a corporation provides limited liability protection to its owners, meaning that their personal assets are generally not at risk if the business is sued or goes bankrupt.
  • Tax advantages: Corporations are subject to lower tax rates than individuals on their business income and can also take advantage of various tax deductions and credits.
  • Credibility and professionalism: Being a corporation can lend credibility and professionalism to a business, making it easier to attract investors, customers, and suppliers.
  • Access to capital: Corporations can issue shares to raise capital, which can be used to grow the business.
  • Perpetual existence: A corporation can continue to exist even if the owners change, making it easier to sell or transfer the business.
  • Hiring people: It is much easier for a corporation to hire employees who expect to receive statutory benefits and pensions.

3. Should I incorporate federally or provincially?

Deciding whether to incorporate federally or provincially requires careful consideration. Here are the key factors to weigh:

  • Business scope: If the business operates in multiple provinces or territories, incorporating federally may be more appropriate to avoid having to comply with multiple sets of provincial regulations.
  • Name protection: If the business name needs to be protected nationally, incorporating federally may be more appropriate since it provides exclusive rights to the name across Canada.
  • Residency status of the initial directors: Federal corporation registration requires that 25% of the directors must be “resident Canadian”.  Provincial incorporations in Ontario, BC, Quebec and Alberta do not have this requirement.
  • Regulatory environment: Some industries are more heavily regulated at the provincial level, so incorporating provincially may be necessary to comply with industry-specific regulations.
  • Tax considerations: Federal and provincial tax rates and incentives may vary, so it’s important to consider which jurisdiction would provide the most advantageous tax environment for the business.
  • Legal costs: Incorporating federally generally involves higher legal costs, so it’s important to weigh the potential benefits against the additional costs.

Ultimately, the decision to incorporate federally or provincially depends on the specific circumstances of your business.

Additional Resources and Next Steps:

To delve deeper into the process of incorporating your business in Canada, we recommend visiting reputable government websites and consulting trusted legal professionals. Trustiics, an online legal service platform, is proud to be included on the list of the Canadian Trade Commissioner Services for Qualified Service Providers. Our platform empowers users with direct access to vetted, experienced lawyers and affordable legal services on a pay-as-you-use basis. Say goodbye to a retainer, hourly rates, or monthly subscription costs.

Get started today by signing up for free on Trustiics. Our platform connects you with highly experienced and vetted lawyers in Canada. With their guidance and representation, you can confidently navigate the process of incorporating your business in Canada.

Don’t forget to take advantage of the Quick Legal Consultation service, available for a flat fee of just US$120. This service offers you the opportunity to address specific legal concerns or seek immediate advice, getting valuable insights and guidance at an affordable cost.


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